NASA’s approved five Indoor Air Purifying plants details are as follows:
- RED- EDGED DRACAENA
- Janet craig Dracaena
- Cornstalk Dracaena
- Warneck Draceana
- Gerbera daisy
1) RED- EDGED DRACAENA
- The scientific name of Red- edged Dracaena is Dracaena marginata which is native to South Asia. It comes under the family of Asparagaceae.
- Dracaena marginata is commonly known as Madagascar dragon tree or Red- edged dracaena. It is popularly known as ornamental houseplant.
- It is commonly known as Red- edged dracaena as the leaves have red edges on the out side. In some places it is also called as mini palm as they do look like as if they belong to the palm family.
- The dracaena is in the familiar family and it can grow about 8- 15 ft height and 3- 8 ft wide. Apart from the ornamental plant, it is mostly rewarded as the best indoor air purifying plant which significantly remove the toxic chemicals from the air and also increase the quality of the air we breath.
- It is a tolerant plant and thrives in sunny areas which needs proper bright light to keep the plant happy. It need not to be over watered, by checking the top soil moisture content one must water appropriately depend upon the need, it can be watered twice a week.
- This plant adds beauty and functionality to home and it needs sufficient place to grow efficiently, it is better to grow the plant in extra free space. The dracaena in indoor can reach ceiling height, if one cannot afford the space it can be grown in outdoors too.
- The dracaena is very tough and fast growing shrub, it is rewarded as best indoor plants because of its ability to filter the air pollutants from the air. According to the clean air study conducted by NASA on indoor air purifying plant, declared that dracaena can effectively remove toxins like xylene, trichloroethylene, and formaldehyde. All these chemicals are highly toxic which are found in home through the use of various synthetic chemicals, varnishes, lacquers and gasoline. These chemicals can create problems like respiratory, lack of concentration and increased anxiety.
- The dracaena plant is moderately toxic to kids and pets.
2) JANET CRAIG DRACAENA
- It is scientifically called as Dracaena deremensis and native to tropical Africa. It is most popular ornamental plants and much celebrated as indoor air purifying plants, one can add these plants in homes and offices.
- These plants are part of the lily family, Dracaena features a “tree like” or “shrub” like with spiky green leaves often marked with stripes or spots .
- The Dracaena places fifth on NASA ranking with a 7.8 score. According to the clean air study done by NASA, Dracaena removes formaldehyde at a rate of 1,328 mg per hour and it also removes xylene at the rate of 154 mg per hour. This plant is effective in cleaning the indoor air pollutants mainly like formaldehyde and xylene, the recommended place in home is especially in newly furnished rooms and newly carpeted places.
- The dracaena is very easy to care, it need to be placed in the location where it receives vibrant bright light and not to place in direct sun light. watering the plant depends on the moist content of the top soil. Over watering the plant is not good.
- It can be used as floor plant, table top plant or tall tree.
- It is slightly toxic especially to dogs and cats.
3) CORNSTALK DRACAENA
- The scientific name of cornstalk dracaena is Dracaena massangeana or Dracaena fragrans Massangeana. It belongs to the family of Asparagaceae. The common names of this plant is corn plant, Chinese money tree, cornstalk dracaena, corn cane or mass cane, and happy plant.
- This plant is one of the listed best indoor air purifying plants approved by NASA, it is very effective in cleaning the air pollutants especially the toxins like trichloroethylene & benzene which are carcinogenic, the very toxic chemicals found in many solvents, dry cleaning solutions and detergents.
- It requires minimal care and should be provided with bright light and can survive in any locations. It can live happily in medium light and grow effectively with green leaves and bushy growth. It can even tolerate low light conditions. It need to be watered moderately, over watering is not a good idea.
4) WARNECK DRACEANA
- It is other featured variety and striking popular plant in the genus dracaena. There are various species of dracaena which are used as ornamental plants and natural indoor air purifiers.
- The warneck dracaena is very striking and effective indoor plant with long leaves. It is a popular indoor plant in landscaping and add aesthetic sense to the home and offices.
- According to the clean air study conducted by NASA, Warneck dracaena is effective in filtering the indoor air pollutants and airborne allergens. It is can easily remove the toxin like formaldehyde which is found in indoors from varnishes and oils. The dracaena places fifth place on NASAs ranking with a score of 7.8.
- It is the plant which requires minimal care and can grow in semi light and semi shade locations. Watering the plant can be done by checking the moist content of the top soil, actually it is not a thirsty plant, so over watering should be avoided.
- It is especially toxic to dogs and cats.
5) GERBERA DAISY
- The Gerbera daisy is scientifically known as Gerbera jamesonii. It is commonly known as Gerbera daisy or Barberton daisy. It belongs to the family Asteraceae.
- It is popularly known as Gerbera daisy because it was named in honor of German botanist and medical doctor Traugott Gerber. Gerbera is flowering plant which is native to tropical regions of south America, Africa and Asia.
- The most beautiful indoor plant which adds aesthetic look to the place. It is approved as the best indoor air purifying plant by NASA clean air study. It plays a significant role in filtering the toxic air pollutants like formaldehyde, benzene and trichloroethylene. It is wise decision to add this beautiful and natural air purifier to your home.
- This plant requires little care and maintenance. It requires lot of sunlight, in case if you have a plan to place them inside then make sure to place in location where it can take plenty of sunlight. Watering the plant occasionally or when needed by checking the moist content of the top soil.
- It is more intended and mainly used as outdoor plant, now a days many are using it as an indoor plant by knowing the significance and also because of the beautiful look of the flowers.
- The Gerbera daisy is non toxic to cats and dogs.