GENERAL INTRODUCTION OF FINGER MILLET:
The scientific name of finger millet is Eleusine Coracana, it belongs to the family Poaceae. It is an annual herbaceous plant that is grown widely as a cereal crop in the arid and semi-arid regions. This crop is widely grown as a primary crop in some areas of Asia and Africa. It is originated in East Africa and it is native to the Ethiopia and Uganda regions.
The best part of the finger millet is a very tolerant crop and it can withstand hard weather conditions which will allow to grow in high altitudes. These are the very fascinating grains in ancient days and slowly started disappearing, as the new generations are forgetting these magical grains in the name of modernization and making their lives more complicated. The finger millet became a comeback grain as many are adopting these super grains in their diet after knowing the immense benefits of finger millet. Fortunately, people are again flipping back to their traditional foods and culture. Yet the change is not enough, still, these foods should be promoted in larger proportions in every individual’s lives.
It is good to know that many are desperately searching for healthy food and lifestyle. Apart from the native places, the finger millet cultivation and consumption explored widely which is very fortunate and a good add on to current situations. It ranks sixth in the production after Wheat, Rice, Maize, Sorghum and Bajra in India
The finger millet has many varied names based on the local languages. In the diversified country like INDIA, it has a various names like RAGI in Kannada & Telugu, KODRA in Hindi, MANDUA/MANGAL in Himachal Pradesh , MANDIA in Oriya, TAIDALU in Telangana region, KEZHVARAGU in Tamil, etc.
NUTRITIVE VALUE OF FINGER MILLET:
The nutritive value of the finger millet is very high, it is considered as the SUPER GRAIN with miraculous health benefits. The finger millet is the powerhouse of many vital components like proteins, vitamins, minerals, and amino acids. It is the whole grain with very rich fiber content.
The carbohydrate content is very high which is about 80% and the dietary fiber is about 15 – 20%. The protein content is very close to the wheat and one best part is that it is nonallergic as many are allergic to the protein of wheat. Now let us know the nutritive value of the grain per 100 g, carbohydrate 72 g, Protein 7.3 g, fat 1.3 g, minerals 2.7 g. The most significant and unique property which makes finger millet a super grain is that it is very rich in calcium and also potassium, calcium is about 344 mg and potassium is 408 mg. The fiber content is 3.6 g and energy 328 kcal. The finger millet has low-fat content which is 1.3% and about 100 g of unsaturated fat which is very good. The finger millet is also packed with some of the traces of vital micro-nutrient like manganese, phosphorus, iron, niacin, thiamine, riboflavin as well as useful amounts of copper, and optimal levels of magnesium, chromium, molybdenum, zinc, and selenium. The finger millet is possessed with phytates (0.48%), polyphenols, tannins (0.61%), trypsin, etc. The finger millet is also composed of a good number of essential amino acids which are very essential for the proper metabolism of the human body. Here are some of the key essential amino acids which are tryptophan, threonine, valine, isoleucine, and methionine.
SUPER MIRACULOUS HEALTH BENEFITS OF FINGER MILLET:
The above-mentioned packed components in the finger millet make very significant and competitive grain when compared with other healthy foods. This is why every one of us from now on should consume this wonderful grain as a staple food and enjoy the immense benefits of it and get healed naturally from many ailments.
RICH IN CALCIUM:
The finger millet is the richest source of calcium. So, it is considered as the powerhouse of calcium when compared to other grains and dairy products. According to the National Institute of nutrition in India for every 100 g of the grain contains about 344 mg of calcium. The finger millet which is the natural source of calcium aids in strengthening the bones and teeth in growing children and eradicate the major problem like osteoporosis which leads to the fractures and breakages of the bones in the aged people. So, to stay away from these health issues we must and should consume this super grain in our regular diet.
HIGH FIBER CONTENT:
The finger millet is also a rich natural source of dietary fiber. It is estimated that about 20% of the rich fiber is present in finger millet when compared to other grains like rice, wheat, etc. The dietary fiber plays a very significant role in maintaining the health of the stomach and intestines by keeping them more hygienic and healthy by removing all accumulated toxins and gases.
HELPS TO PREVENT OBESITY:
It is best supplement for weight management. The finger millet is helpful in mana the weight as the fiber content is very high this aids in slow digestion making the stomach to feel full for a long time, this helps to avoid over intake of food which leads to obesity. In this way, the millet helps in weight management by slowing down appetite and prevents unwanted cravings.
REDUCES THE RISK of CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES:
Helps to maintain heart health by reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases. The research says that finger millet reduces the concentrations of serum triglycerides and inhibit lipid oxidation and LDL cholesterol oxidation. This LDL cholesterol is the bad cholesterol and the culprit for all the destruction of the heart functioning. The increased levels of LDL cholesterol lead to the risk of arteriosclerosis and heart attacks or strokes.
PROMOTES GOOD AMOUNT OF LACTATION:
It also helps in improving the amount of milk production. It is a great source of food for new mothers that helps in improving the hemoglobin levels which is the vital element for lactation. The finger millet not only helps in producing the high quantity of milk and also helps in increasing the milk quality which is very important for the good growth of the infants. The intake of this super grain by the pregnant women and the new mothers also enriches the milk with all essential minerals, vitamins and amino acids that is extremely important for both the mother and child.
REGULATES BLOOD SUGAR LEVELS:
It plays a vital role in regulating the blood sugar levels by managing the sugar levels in the blood. This is a great natural food supplement to treat diabetes, it is the disorder mainly caused by hyperglycemia, resulting in very low insulin production. All the chemical compositions present in finger millet like phytochemicals, phenol’s, etc plays a vital role in maintaining the hypoglycemic index and helps in keeping the blood sugar levels to be stable. so, do start incorporating this super grain into your regular diet and be a healthy person.
DELAYS THE PROCESS OF AGEING:
It is the powerhouse of many super components, adding to that it has a relatively high amount of antioxidants and phenols which prevent or reverts the process of ageing. The finger millet helps in collagen production which increases the elasticity of the skin and reduces the risk of wrinkles and age spots. This is the way by taking healthy natural food supplements like finger millet you can stay young hereafter.
FIGHTS AGAINST ANEMIC PROBLEMS: The finger millet is one the super grain with the natural source of iron and vitamin c. The combination of iron and vitamin c is very important to absorb the iron content completely into the body. The sprouted finger millet is far more nutritive than normal because it contains a high level of iron and vitamin c.
NATURAL ANTIDEPRESSANT: The finger millet is very helpful in relaxing the body. The top studies reported that finger millet helps to fight against some of the major mental ailments like anxiety, depression, migraine, and insomnia. As we all know that finger millet is the package of many vital components like amino acids, tryptophan and antioxidants all this helps to remove the feeling of stress and acts as a natural stress buster. Regular consumption of finer millet helps to keep away all these ailments away.
GOOD FOR TODDLERS:
It is a very good supplement for the toddlers, because we can see many fiber-rich foods are hard to digest for children and the intake can create some disturbances to them. The best part of finger millet is that it is easily digested food and tasty food to the toddlers which help to strengthen their bones, teeth and increases the energy levels. This is also the best food supplement for athletes. The finger millet can be consumed in various forms like for toddlers we can give in the form of soft porridge, for growing kids, we can give them in the form of laddu, cookies, pakoda, etc.
It plays a major role in eradicating bacterial infections in our body. It has been found that finger millet acts against many bacteria like bacteria cereus which causes food poisoning, Salmonella spp, which causes typhoid fever and Staphylococcus aureus one of the main cause of skin infections, soft tissues infections like abscesses and cellulite, etc.
ANTI CANCER POTENTIAL:
It has the potential to fight against the cancer cells. The main cause for cancer growth is the production of free radicals by excessive oxidation which leads to cell damage. The finger millet is the rich source of antioxidants, phenolic acids, flavonoids, and tannins, all of these have the anti-oxidation properties to protect and repair the cells against damage. It is reported by many experts that people who consume millet-based foods in their regular diet are free from the risk of cancer. So, stop filling the stomach with junk and start eating healthy foods like finger millet made dishes in your diet.
TOTALLY GLUTEN FREE:
It is gluten-free super grain. It is a good grain for the people who are gluten sensitive. This property of the finger millet is very good and the primary benefit of eating gluten-free food is it improves cholesterol levels, promotes digestion and increases the rate of metabolism which simultaneously increases the energy levels. It is the best supplement to the gluten-intolerant people.
PREVENTS HAIR LOSS:
It is a very great food to fight against hair related problems. As the finger millet is a very rich source of iron, copper, zinc, selenium and other components which have the properties to prevent hair loss. So, regular consumption of this grain in required proportions can avoid the hair issues.
POINT TO BE NOTED:
Now we all know how the intake of this grain transforms our lives healthy. Nevertheless, it also carries some side effects like over consumption of this millet produces more oxalic acid which leads to kidney stones. So, it is suggested that people with kidney stones should stop consuming finger millet. As we know anything over is not good. So, we should take the required amount of this super grain in correct form to experience the immense benefits of this grain.
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